Saudi Arabia, allies restore full ties with Qatar: Saudi FM |

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leaders from across the gulf region have signed a declaration calling for solidarity and stability at a summit aimed at resolving the three-year dispute with qatar representatives from gulf countries including the emir of qatar have gathered in the city of alula it follows a move by saudi arabia to open its air sea and land borders to qatar in what’s seen as a big step towards resolving an illegal blockade of the country delegations from oman bahrain the united arab emirates kuwait and egypt are also attending earlier qatar zemiya sheikh tamim bin hamad al-thani was greeted by the saudi crown prince mohammed bin salman with an embrace it marked one of the most important moments in relations between the gulf countries in recent years our block has been built on the basis of our shared roots and common traditions with the aim of serving the interests of our respective people therefore we should all work together towards achieving the goals on the basis of which this block was formed okay for more on this let’s talk now to our news correspondent my colleague al jazeera’s jamal l shail jamal who’s been driving this well over the past three years the consistent uh push to resolve this has come out of kuwait city there were initially mixed messages coming from washington however in the uh past six to 12 months there seemed to be more of a push from the trump administration to resolve the crisis which many people pointed um towards trump’s policies for actually being behind the divisions in the first place the recent um let’s say uh efforts that managed to get this over the finish line so to speak uh did come following the visit of senior white house adviser and son-in-law of donald trump jared kushner when he came to riyadh and doha met with both uh the emir of qatar sheikh mohammed thani and the essential de facto ruler of saudi arabia uh crown prince mohammed bin salman and that’s when we saw a lot more movements we saw the statements coming from kuwait’s foreign minister uh as well as obviously uh this uh uh lifting of the uh air land and sea blockade by at least saudi in the past 24 hours so that’s essentially been the main uh pushes behind it but not lost on this like i say is the role of both kuwait and to a certain extent other countries and that’s why for example this summit that’s taking place on ola has actually dubbed the sultan and uh summit in respect of the two late leaders of our man in kuwait both of whom had a role in either reaching us to this bringing us to this point or at least uh defusing what was a very difficult situation will there be lots of loose ends that need to be tied up and those loose ends may take several weeks indeed several months that’s a very nice way of putting it loose ends there are a lot of loose ends and there are a lot of differences the questions is do you actually have to tie them up and that’s what people need to discuss because countries do have differing opinions they have different policies at the crux of the division peter wasn’t the divisions or the different outlooks that these countries had in so much as it was not being able to either agree to disagree or not being able to find the mechanism where those differences could be settled you had qatar on the one hand which was a lot more pluralistic in its approach to the arab world which was a lot more inclusive in the way in which it wanted to not necessarily govern but at least engage with political forces in the middle east and north africa region and then you had the blockading countries which saw that as an existential threat to their either autocratic or kind of absolute monarchies and those divisions still remain whether they will just agree to disagree as i say or whether as you say they will try and hash them out on something we’ll see but just very quickly what’s important to note here is that what’s happened in el hola is a declaration and not some sort of a comprehensive deal that has concessions and agreements within it okay we must leave it there for the moment thanks very much jamal mohammed val is on the qatar saudi border with this update from there there is some activity around me you may not see it behind me this is the border crossing but around us there is a lot of activity by the police security however nobody has crossed yet we’ve been here since the morning nothing of that sort has happened we have asked the security personnel here they told us they are waiting for instructions but they said technically the border is open and we have seen them you know into inside the booths behind me um dusting off the desks and cameras and so on so there is preparation going on but there is no crossing yet it’s very crucial to see people crossing here because this is the physical aspect of this blockade on qatar this is the only land border that qatar has with the outside world and it is linking it with saudi arabia it is a lifeline for many people who have been dealing in business and so on between the two countries also for families across the the across the region remember the gulf region is a very socially connected area with tribes on both sides of the border with families here and there and they have been separated that that disruption in the social fabric has been very painful over the last three years and many people are waiting for that situation to end so the expectation is that as the days go by like tomorrow after tomorrow maybe in three days from now this border crossing will return to normal well sultan barakat is director at the center for conflict and humanitarian studies at the doha institute for graduate studies he says donald trump’s involvement in the crisis both allowed it to start but also forced through a breakthrough it was clear i think from the beginning that mr trump got everything confused and his knowledge of the region at the time was very limited and he made statements that he and his administration regretted later on and and they reversed it uh they reversed a lot of these issues and this is one of the things that really forced the hand of the saudis to accept the the condition or in fact the only response qatar has has given right from the beginning that is we’re willing to talk but we are not going to accept those 13 conditions we’re willing to talk but without any preconditions that we we meet any of those uh totally irrational uh demands and in fa and as a result of it of course uh qatar did not just lay down and and take the blockade they’ve done a lot of effort to try and work round the blockade they found alternative routes to connect to the world to get supplies and so on but most importantly i think they stuck to the law and they pursued this with a great deal of dignity and recognition of the fact that states are made by what the international law makes makes of them and to what degree they respect that international law so by the end of 2020 there were at least four or five cases that qatar has won against dublicating countries all very important landmark cases to do with human rights world trade organization aviation case all of this would have naturally the dublicate had we just continued to this because the the rest of the world recognized that what these blockading countries were doing was absolutely illegal

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